Norfolk Island


Norfolk Island

Introduction ::Norfolk Island

Background:

Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856, the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.

Geography ::Norfolk Island

Location:

Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia

Geographic coordinates:

29 02 S, 167 57 E

Area:

total: 36 sq km

country comparison to the world: 235

land: 36 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative:

about 0.2 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:

0 km

Coastline:

32 km

Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

Climate:

subtropical; mild, little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain:

volcanic formation with mostly rolling plains

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mount Bates 319 m

Natural resources:

fish

Land use:

arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (2011)

Irrigated land:

NA

Natural hazards:

typhoons (especially May to July)

Environment - current issues:

NA

Geography - note:

most of the 32 km coastline consists of almost inaccessible cliffs, but the land slopes down to the sea in one small southern area on Sydney Bay, where the capital of Kingston is situated

People and Society ::Norfolk Island

Nationality:

noun: Norfolk Islander(s)

adjective: Norfolk Islander(s)

Ethnic groups:

descendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zealander, Polynesian

Languages:

English (official), Norfolk (a mixture of 18th century English and ancient Tahitian)

Religions:

Protestant 45.6% (Anglican 31.8%, Uniting Church in Australia 10.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.2%), Roman Catholic 11.5%, other Christian 5.6%, none 19.9%, unspecified 16.6% (2006 census)

Population:

2,196 (July 2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 232

Age structure:

0-14 years: 20.2%

15-64 years: 63.9%

65 years and over: 15.9% (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:

0.01% (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 193

Sex ratio:

NA

Infant mortality rate:

total: NA

male: NA

female: NA

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: NA

male: NA

female: NA

Total fertility rate:

NA

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

NA

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

NA

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

NA

Education expenditures:

NA

Literacy:

NA

Government ::Norfolk Island

Country name:

conventional long form: Territory of Norfolk Island

conventional short form: Norfolk Island

Dependency status:

self-governing territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Department of Regional Australia, Local Government, Arts and Sport

Government type:

NA

Capital:

name: Kingston

geographic coordinates: 29 03 S, 167 58 E

time difference: UTC+11.5 (16.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions:

none (territory of Australia)

Independence:

none (territory of Australia)

National holiday:

Bounty Day (commemorates the arrival of Pitcairn Islanders), 8 June (1856)

Constitution:

Norfolk Island Act 1979; amended 2005

Legal system:

English common law and the laws of Australia

Suffrage:

18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:

chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by the Australian governor general

head of government: Administrator Neil POPE (since 1 April 2012)

cabinet: Executive Council made up of 4 of the 9 members of the Legislative Assembly; the council devises government policy and acts as an advisor to the administrator

(For more information visit the World Leaders website )

elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia for a two year term and represents the monarch and Australia

Legislative branch:

unicameral Legislative Assembly (9 seats; members elected by electors who have nine equal votes each but only four votes can be given to any one candidate; members to serve three-year terms)

elections: last held on 13 March 2013 (next to be held in 2016)

election results: seats - independents 8; Norfolk Liberals 1

Judicial branch:

highest court(s): Supreme Court of Norfolk Island (consists of the chief justice and NA justices)

note - appeals beyond the Supreme Court of Norfolk Island are heard by the Federal Court of Australia

judge selection and term of office: justices appointed by the governor general of Australia from among justices of the Federal Court of Australia; justices serve until mandatory retirement at age 70

subordinate courts: Petty Court of Sessions; specialized courts including a Coroner's Court and the Employment Tribunal

Political parties and leaders:

Norfolk Island Labor Party [Mike KELLY]

Norfolk Liberals [John BROWN]

Political pressure groups and leaders:

none

International organization participation:

UPU

Diplomatic representation in the US:

none (territory of Australia)

Diplomatic representation from the US:

none (territory of Australia)

Flag description:

three vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green with a large green Norfolk Island pine tree centered in the slightly wider white band; green stands for the rich vegetation on the island, and the pine tree - endemic to the island - is a symbol of Norfolk Island

note: somewhat reminiscent of the flag of Canada with its use of only two colors and depiction of a prominent local floral symbol in the central white band

National symbol(s):

Norfolk Island pine

National anthem:

name: ""Come Ye Blessed""

lyrics/music: New Testament/John Prindle SCOTT

note: the local anthem, whose lyrics consist of the words from Matthew 25:34-36, 40, is also known as ""The Pitcairn Anthem;"" as a territory of Australia, ""God Save the Queen"" is official (see Australia), however, the island does not recognize ""Advance Australia Fair""

Economy ::Norfolk Island

Economy - overview:

Norfolk Island is suffering from a severe economic downturn. Tourism, the primary economic activity, is the main driver of economic growth. The agricultural sector has become self sufficient in the production of beef, poultry, and eggs.

GDP (purchasing power parity):

$NA

Agriculture - products:

Norfolk Island pine seed, Kentia palm seed, cereals, vegetables, fruit; cattle, poultry

Industries:

tourism, light industry, ready mixed concrete

Labor force:

978 (2006)

country comparison to the world: 230

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 6%

industry: 14%

services: 80% (2006 est.)

Budget:

revenues: $4.6 million

expenditures: $4.8 million (FY99/00)

Fiscal year:

1 July - 30 June

Exports:

$NA

Exports - commodities:

postage stamps, seeds of the Norfolk Island pine and Kentia palm, small quantities of avocados

Imports:

$NA

Imports - commodities:

NA

Debt - external:

$NA

Exchange rates:

Australian dollars (AUD) per US dollar -

0.9658 (2012)

0.9695 (2011)

1.0902 (2010)

1.2822 (2009)

1.2059 (2008)

Communications ::Norfolk Island

Telephone system:

general assessment: adequate

domestic: free local calls

international: country code - 672; submarine cable links with Australia and New Zealand; satellite earth station - 1

Broadcast media:

1 local radio station; broadcasts of several Australian radio and TV stations available via satellite (2009)

Internet country code:

.nf

Internet hosts:

128 (2012)

country comparison to the world: 204

Transportation ::Norfolk Island

Airports:

1 (2013)

country comparison to the world: 228

Airports - with paved runways:

total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)

Roadways:

total: 80 km

country comparison to the world: 216

paved: 53 km

unpaved: 27 km (2008)

Ports and terminals:

Kingston

Military ::Norfolk Island

Military - note:

defense is the responsibility of Australia

Transnational Issues ::Norfolk Island

Disputes - international:

none"

The World Factbook. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Norfolk Island — Australian island in the SW Pacific, east of New South Wales: 13 sq mi (34 sq km); pop. 2,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Norfolk Island — Territory of Norfolk Island Norfolk Island …   Wikipedia

  • Norfolk Island — an island in the S Pacific between New Caledonia and New Zealand: a territory of Australia. 1683; 13 sq. mi. (34 sq. km). * * * Norfolk Island Introduction Norfolk Island Background: Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal… …   Universalium

  • Norfolk Island — Île Norfolk Pour les articles homonymes, voir Norfolk. Île Norfolk Norfolk Island (en) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Norfolk Island — Territory of Norfolk Island Norfuk Ailen Territorium Norfolkinsel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Norfolk Island — /nɔfək ˈaɪlənd/ (say nawfuhk uyluhnd) noun an external territory of Australia situated about 1700 km east north east of Sydney, NSW; former penal settlement. about 8 km long and 5 km wide. –Norfolk Islander /ˌnɔfək ˈaɪləndə/ (say .nawfuhk… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Norfolk Island — noun /ˈnɔː.fək ˈaɪ.lənd,ˈnɔɹ.fɔk ˈaɪ.lənd/ External territory of Australia, in the Pacific Ocean. Official name: Territory of Norfolk Island …   Wiktionary

  • NORFOLK ISLAND —    a small precipitous island in the Western Pacific, midway between New Caledonia and New Zealand, 400 m. NW. of the latter; its inhabitants, many of whom came from Pitcairn Island, and now less than 1000, govern themselves under the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Norfolk Island — noun an island territory of Australia in the Pacific Ocean off the eastern coast of Australia; formerly a British penal colony • Instance Hypernyms: ↑island • Part Holonyms: ↑Australia, ↑Commonwealth of Australia …   Useful english dictionary

  • Norfolk Island — geographical name island S Pacific between New Caledonia & New Zealand; administered by Australia area 13 square miles (34 square kilometers), population 1912 …   New Collegiate Dictionary